It is a blessing and a huge honor for Dr Imtiaz Ahmad and his team to offer a “totally” non surgical definitive treatment for Adenomyosis; offered first time in Pakistan since Nov 2017.
A brief outlook on Fibroids and Adenomyosis
Fibroids and adenomyosis often occur together, but are distinct in their characteristics. The fibroid is a benign tumor that can grow in different layers of the uterus while in Adenomyosis, the uterine inner lining itself grows into the myometrium (The outer layer of the uterus which is muscular). Intersecting symptoms of adenomyosis and fibroids include menorrhagia accompanied by pains and cramps, abdominal and lower back pain and abdominal swelling. However, while uterine fibroids are commonly asymptomatic, adenomyosis comprises excruciating and crippling painful cramps and may also accompany more chronic prolonged symptoms such as heavy bleeding and blood clots especially if fibroids coexist with adenomyosis. It is substantial to ensure that the two are not misdiagnosed, since an inaccurate treatment may prove more detrimental for the patient. Ultrasound imaging is sufficient to diagnose fibroids but to rule out adenomyosis, an MRI is advised. Once the specialist is able to differentiate between fibroids and adenomyosis, he has a clear picture regarding the treatment approach to be taken. At present, the most advanced method available under the non-surgical treatment for fibroids and adenomyosis is the 3-dimensional endovascular treatment. 3-D endovascular treatment for fibroids in Pakistan has been introduced by Dr Imtiaz Ahmad, an endovascular Surgical Specialist, and an Interventional Radiologist, who is well experienced in this field and has bagged thousands of success stories so far.
Treatment for Fibroids and Adenomyosis
Surgical interventions for the treatment of fibroids and adenomyosis have, time and again, proven to be invasive and are slowly becoming obsolete for that reason. Hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) or myomectomy (removal of fibroids) are the two most common traditional surgical approaches taken towards fibroids and adenomyomectomy for adenomyosis treatment. Surgical treatments also include endometrial ablation, wherein the inner lining (endometrium) is destroyed using either heat, cold, electricity, or microwaves. Women undergoing surgical procedures to sort their miseries regarding fibroids and adenomyosis must also give up on the idea of conceiving in most cases or be mentally prepared for recurrence. On the contrary, an innovative approach under the umbrella of endovascular procedures has recently gained accolades as being a noninvasive treatment, ensuring that the uterine wall is not damaged, while still being able to get rid of fibroids and adenomyosis completely. More specifically, the best treatment for fibroids and adenomyosis available is known as Uterine Artery embolization, which is a 3-D endovascular treatment that aims at selectively targeting fibroids and adenomyosis.
3-D Precision Guided Endovascular Treatment
Endovascular treatment using 3-dimensional imaging to locate the arteries supplying blood precisely to fibroids or adenomyosis ensures an accurate treatment. The entire procedure does not only comprise the uterine artery embolization but also, a complete set of steps to increase patient compliance and comfort. These include post embolization syndrome management, superior hypogastric nerve plexus block and intra-arterial pain management. Before the endovascular treatment is performed, a complete health analysis is done to assess the medical fitness status of the patient. Once the procedure is finished, you should also expect a thorough follow-up for up to 1 year, depending on the case. In cases where the goal is to achieve pregnancy, fertility status is also kept in check. In short, the treatment in itself is incomplete if the follow-up is not diligently done and as advised.
The 3-D precision-guided endovascular treatment uses live imaging to accurately locate the blood vessels supplying blood to the fibroids or adenomyosis. The imaging also helps assess the number of arteries involved and their sizes. The goal is to block the blood supply to these growths using miniature but programmed and specially engineered permanent devices. To begin, mild conscious sedation is achieved. Following, microcatheters are introduced in the patient’s body through the femoral/radial artery in the leg or wrist. This is achieved without causing any pain as a result of topical cold spray anaesthesia followed by local anaesthesia. Once the blood vessels are located, the FDA approved medical particles are then administered through the catheter. These embolic agents are small micron-sized particles that are engineered /programmed to block the blood supply to only fibroids or adenomyosis while sparing the normal uterine wall. Medical particles/Drugs used in the endovascular treatment are highly specific and are only issued to registered practitioners in America. In this way, embolization is successfully achieved.
The uterine artery embolization constitutes a major portion of the 3-D guided endovascular and may constitute approximately 60-70% of the entire treatment, through this technique management of the post embolization syndrome is also done. Specific medications are administered at the exact location of the fibroid or adenomyosis, using microcatheters, to avoid post embolization syndrome, which may prolong the recovery time if not addressed at the right moment. Moreover, intra-arterial pain management is also attempted, medications at the specific location are administered so that the extent of pain felt by the patient is reduced by many folds. Finally, to further reduce the pain, the nerves to the pelvis are relaxed using a fluoroscopic guided superior hypo gastric nerve block approach. The analgesic effect is maintained for up to 20 hours.
To conclude, this new treatment for fibroids without surgery, also targeting adenomyosis, has become the talk of the town, and it is with great pride that the best treatment for fibroids and adenomyosis was introduced in Pakistan by Dr Imtiaz Ahmad, which is now helping thousands of patients since November, 2017.
The beginning of reproductive age or puberty in females is marked by the onset of menstruation. The inner uterine lining, also known as endometrium, builds up every month to prepare for fertilization or pregnancy, under the regulation of hormones known as estrogen and progesterone. However, when fertilization is not achieved, the endometrium lining is shed and is removed from the body through the cervix and vagina. Therefore, menstruation or periods can be described as the monthly vaginal bleeding that women experience because of the shedding of the uterine lining. On average, the menstrual cycle lasts for about 25 to 35 days, out of which, menstruation occurs over a period of 3 to 7 days. The menstrual waste comprises not only blood but also tissue and vaginal secretions. As opposed to the nature of normal blood loss, period blood does not clot as it is mixed with vaginal secretions and mucus. Clotting in the endometrium actually ensures that too much blood is not lost. Period blood clots usually occur during heavy bleeding because they have a greater quantity of proteins that are disposed to coagulate blood. Period blood clots may also just maybe clumps of cells of the endometrium.
It is important to realize that period blood clots are not always alarming. These can occur occasionally, and if they are not big and frequent, there is nothing to worry about. These normal clots appear dark or bright red in colour and shouldn’t be more than a quarter in size. Adding to that, if these clots are frequent, large in size, accompanied by painful periods and heavy bleeding, it is time to take a trip to the doctor.
Causes of period blood clots
Women’s issues related to period bleeding are not uncommon. From experiencing emotional, physical, and mental exhaustion as part of the premenstrual syndrome and during menstruation, an unhealthy diet and lifestyle may become a reason for other period problems. While non-frequent menstrual clots may not be alarming, sometimes these clots are an indication of something more serious. Heavy bleeding is one of the reasons for larger blood clots. These larger blood clots need a bigger opening to pass out, which is why larger blood clots are usually accompanied by intense pain and cramps. A woman can conclude that she is, in fact, experiencing menorrhagia (heavy menstrual bleeding) when she has to change the sanitary pad every two hours or lesser and the clots are bigger than a quarter. Normally, 15 to 80 ml of blood is lost during menstruation, so anything beyond 80ml of blood is also counted towards menorrhagia. Some of the most common causes of menorrhagia and period blood clots include uterine fibroid, endometriosis, adenomyosis and hormonal imbalance (including polycystic ovary syndrome, hyperthyroidism, and menopause), amongst others.
Uterine Fibroid and its types
Uterine fibroids are also known as leiomyomas and are one of the most common tumors of the genital tract, reported in women of all age groups. These are muscular, non-cancerous growth of the uterus which may go unnoticed for a long time. The risk of developing fibroid increases with age and genetic predisposition. Although the exact cause of developing fibroid is not known, a strong link has been found with varying hormone levels. Uterine fibroids may be symptomatic or asymptomatic. The latter requires no medical intervention, and only regular monitoring may be sufficient. However, women with symptomatic