It is a blessing and a huge honor for Dr Imtiaz Ahmad and his team to offer a “totally” non surgical definitive treatment for Adenomyosis; offered first time in Pakistan since Nov 2017.
A brief outlook on Fibroids and Adenomyosis
Fibroids and adenomyosis often occur together, but are distinct in their characteristics. The fibroid is a benign tumor that can grow in different layers of the uterus while in Adenomyosis, the uterine inner lining itself grows into the myometrium (The outer layer of the uterus which is muscular). Intersecting symptoms of adenomyosis and fibroids include menorrhagia accompanied by pains and cramps, abdominal and lower back pain and abdominal swelling. However, while uterine fibroids are commonly asymptomatic, adenomyosis comprises excruciating and crippling painful cramps and may also accompany more chronic prolonged symptoms such as heavy bleeding and blood clots especially if fibroids coexist with adenomyosis. It is substantial to ensure that the two are not misdiagnosed, since an inaccurate treatment may prove more detrimental for the patient. Ultrasound imaging is sufficient to diagnose fibroids but to rule out adenomyosis, an MRI is advised. Once the specialist is able to differentiate between fibroids and adenomyosis, he has a clear picture regarding the treatment approach to be taken. At present, the most advanced method available under the non-surgical treatment for fibroids and adenomyosis is the 3-dimensional endovascular treatment. 3-D endovascular treatment for fibroids in Pakistan has been introduced by Dr Imtiaz Ahmad, an endovascular Surgical Specialist, and an Interventional Radiologist, who is well experienced in this field and has bagged thousands of success stories so far.
Treatment for Fibroids and Adenomyosis
Surgical interventions for the treatment of fibroids and adenomyosis have, time and again, proven to be invasive and are slowly becoming obsolete for that reason. Hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) or myomectomy (removal of fibroids) are the two most common traditional surgical approaches taken towards fibroids and adenomyomectomy for adenomyosis treatment. Surgical treatments also include endometrial ablation, wherein the inner lining (endometrium) is destroyed using either heat, cold, electricity, or microwaves. Women undergoing surgical procedures to sort their miseries regarding fibroids and adenomyosis must also give up on the idea of conceiving in most cases or be mentally prepared for recurrence. On the contrary, an innovative approach under the umbrella of endovascular procedures has recently gained accolades as being a noninvasive treatment, ensuring that the uterine wall is not damaged, while still being able to get rid of fibroids and adenomyosis completely. More specifically, the best treatment for fibroids and adenomyosis available is known as Uterine Artery embolization, which is a 3-D endovascular treatment that aims at selectively targeting fibroids and adenomyosis.
3-D Precision Guided Endovascular Treatment
Endovascular treatment using 3-dimensional imaging to locate the arteries supplying blood precisely to fibroids or adenomyosis ensures an accurate treatment. The entire procedure does not only comprise the uterine artery embolization but also, a complete set of steps to increase patient compliance and comfort. These include post embolization syndrome management, superior hypogastric nerve plexus block and intra-arterial pain management. Before the endovascular treatment is performed, a complete health analysis is done to assess the medical fitness status of the patient. Once the procedure is finished, you should also expect a thorough follow-up for up to 1 year, depending on the case. In cases where the goal is to achieve pregnancy, fertility status is also kept in check. In short, the treatment in itself is incomplete if the follow-up is not diligently done and as advised.
The 3-D precision-guided endovascular treatment uses live imaging to accurately locate the blood vessels supplying blood to the fibroids or adenomyosis. The imaging also helps assess the number of arteries involved and their sizes. The goal is to block the blood supply to these growths using miniature but programmed and specially engineered permanent devices. To begin, mild conscious sedation is achieved. Following, microcatheters are introduced in the patient’s body through the femoral/radial artery in the leg or wrist. This is achieved without causing any pain as a result of topical cold spray anaesthesia followed by local anaesthesia. Once the blood vessels are located, the FDA approved medical particles are then administered through the catheter. These embolic agents are small micron-sized particles that are engineered /programmed to block the blood supply to only fibroids or adenomyosis while sparing the normal uterine wall. Medical particles/Drugs used in the endovascular treatment are highly specific and are only issued to registered practitioners in America. In this way, embolization is successfully achieved.
The uterine artery embolization constitutes a major portion of the 3-D guided endovascular and may constitute approximately 60-70% of the entire treatment, through this technique management of the post embolization syndrome is also done. Specific medications are administered at the exact location of the fibroid or adenomyosis, using microcatheters, to avoid post embolization syndrome, which may prolong the recovery time if not addressed at the right moment. Moreover, intra-arterial pain management is also attempted, medications at the specific location are administered so that the extent of pain felt by the patient is reduced by many folds. Finally, to further reduce the pain, the nerves to the pelvis are relaxed using a fluoroscopic guided superior hypo gastric nerve block approach. The analgesic effect is maintained for up to 20 hours.
To conclude, this new treatment for fibroids without surgery, also targeting adenomyosis, has become the talk of the town, and it is with great pride that the best treatment for fibroids and adenomyosis was introduced in Pakistan by Dr Imtiaz Ahmad, which is now helping thousands of patients since November, 2017.